Framework of EBRD project

Tajikistan is the most vulnerable country to climate change in Europe and Central Asia, in particular because of its extreme reliance on hydropower. There is a great need to increase the resilience of local communities to respond to climatic stresses and thus promote climate resilient development and growth as well as long-term climate robustness through concrete adaptation responses.

In the framework of EBRD project FIST in the capacity of a Consultant assisted Frankfurt School of Finance and Management (FSFM) who has a Service Contract with EBRD – European Bank for Reconstruction and Development “Tajikistan Small business Climate Resilience Financing Facility Phase 2”- for the provision of technical assistance and services.
Consequently, the EBRD and the Tajik Pilot Programme for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Secretariat are jointly organized a consultation workshop with civil society stakeholders on the topic of Reliable Water and Energy for Climate Resilient Communities.

The event took place on 3 February 2016 and featured a broad range of approximately 25 civil society stakeholders with a focus on local Tajik civil society organizations.

FIST acted as a discussant on a panel entitled “Climate and energy: Improving access to sustainable energy”, that focused on the impacts of the lack of reliable access to energy on communities and vulnerable groups as well as response strategies.‎

The objective of the consultation event ‎as a whole was to learn how civil society organizations view their role with regards to climate change challenges and the subsequent need to build climate resilient communities. Participants discussed how local stakeholders could be better involved in planned water and energy projects with the aim to strengthen climate resilience in a sustainable manner.

Tajik and Polish organizations

Tajik and Polish organisations were first brought together in 2012, in the framework of the RITA – “Region in Transition” Program. At the beginning we cooperated with International Initiative Association (IIA) exchanging experiences focused on small and medium size businesses development, NGO efficient management, and in the field of energy efficient house insulations and greenhouses construction. In a summer of 2012 two FIST members and two representatives from the villages of Khuf and Past Khuf took part in a study tour to Poland, organized by IIA. We get a chance to learn about Polish experience in creating of small business based on sustainable and innovative solutions.

Later, in years 2014 and 2015 together with Polish NGO, Democratic Society East (DSE), we realised infrastructural and entrepreneurship projects, co-funded by Polish Aid Program and RITA Program. Our join projects name was “Water as a source of changes. Support of village infrastructure in the Mountainous Badakhshan”. The project priorities were to allow an easy access to the drinkable water, to produce a little and easy to multiply greenhouses, using the new water supply system, and to learn from Polish NGO experience in developing new ways of moving forward the small and medium size of business.

The project started in the villages of Vesav, Khuf in Rushan district and Alichur village in Murgab district in 2014.The immediate goal for local population was to gain a permanent access to water and income, ensuring sustainability of the project. We laid about 1500 meters of clean drinking water pipeline for 276 people in Khuf village and constructed one demonstration greenhouse; in Vesavd village we laid 350 meters of clean drinking water pipeline for 36 people and constructed a greenhouse; in Alichur village we installed solar pump in wheel for 175 and constructed a greenhouse.

Upon implementing the project in the abovementioned villages in 2015 we started work in the villages of Nisur and Rukhch in Rushan district and Tavdem village in Roshtqala district. In Nisur village FIST laid 2500 meters of irrigation water pipeline as well as 500 meters of drinking water pipelines for 360 people; in Rukhsh village we laid 1500 meters of irrigation water pipeline as well as 500 meters of drinking water pipeline for 320 people; in Tavdem village we reconstructed irrigation ditches for 790 people.

For future we plan further dissemination of innovative and sustainable technologies in project areas, especially on the territory that was impacted by heavy earthquakes in 2015; climate change awareness rising through educational initiatives; supporting entrepreneurship with a use of innovative and sustainable technologies.

About EBRD

The EBRD in 2014 launched the Tajikistan Climate Resilience Financing Facility in order to pilot a mechanism for making climate resilience technologies accessible and affordable to the Tajik private sector (specifically businesses, farmers and households).

In the framework of EBRD project FIST in the capacity of a Consultant assisted Turkey Company Montgomery Watson Harza Mühendislikve Müşavirlik Limited Şirketi (MWH) that entered into a Service Subcontract with Frankfurt School of Finance and Management (FSFM) who has a Service Contract with EBRD – European Bank for Reconstruction and Development- for the provision of technical assistance and services for the project for a period of 6 months from the commencement date thereof.

FIST supported MWH in accomplishing the tasks delegated to MWH according to the reasonable schedule required by the MWH Project Manager in line with the Main Schedule of Frankfurt School of Finance & Management in the Main Contract.

FIST as a Consultant carried out the following activities:

  • Communicate with available suppliers, associations, institutions, governmental bodies, NGOs etc as applicable to perform qualitative market search and to define minimum performance parameters

  • Conduct Qualitative Market research for each identified technology for residential, industry and agribusiness sectors

  • Define minimum performance parameters for each identified technology for residential, industry and agribusiness sectors

  • Develop methodology for calculating energy savings and GHG emission reductions

  • Develop Climate resilience audit methodology (in partnership with Climate Change Experts)

  • Provide engineering inputs with regard to the initial design of Facility framework, training plan and loan products

  • Make initial preparation of all related manuals, procedures, forms related to the audit methodology for climate resilience technologies for energy, water and sustainable land mana and roadshows

  • Conduct energy audits and validation of renewable energy resources

  • Assess sustainable energy project investment plans including risk assessment and mitigation strategy incl. if needed energy audits and validation of renewable energy resources

  • Provide inputs and updates to the List of Eligible Materials and Equipment and List of Eligible Installers and Suppliers (LEME/LESI) upon the addition of new technologies

Mission of the Organization

The Foundation for Innovative and Sustainable Technologies (FIST) was created to support the Centre for Sustainable and Innovative Technologies (CSIT) in some of their activities.  The Centre for Sustainable and Innovative Technologies is a social business with the goal of increasing the number of innovative technologies widely used in Tajikistan.  The FIST supports this goal by assisting in fundraising and awareness raising activities as well as networking.  The primary donors of the two sister organizations to date has been the Mountain Societies Development Support Program (MSDSP) of Tajikistan, the Aga Khan Foundation of Afghanistan, and the Children’s Hope Foundation of Dubai.  Small amounts of funding have also been obtained from consulting works and through the sale of literature to the community.

The primary activities of the two sister organizations is the piloting and testing of new, innovative technologies that meet the needs of the community, and disseminating the successful technologies through a variety of means including classes using working scale models, technology sales, production and sale of booklets and construction manuals, and consulting services.  The sister organizations also offer educational experiences for school children, university students and the public including public lectures.

Centre for Sustainable and Innovative Technologies (CSIT), a project started in 2009 with a grant provided by the Christensen fund to the Mountain Societies Development Support Program (MSDSP) in Tajikistan.  The CSIT is structured to be a social business in order to comply with the laws of Tajikistan and remain in a position to sell its services including technologies, learning materials, and consulting services.  This structure means that any profits generated through its activities are rolled back into the organization to further its goal of improving the number of technologies disseminated in the region.  Recently, the CSIT has setup the Foundation for Innovative and Sustainable Technologies (FIST) to enable it to expand its activities at a faster pace than would be possible as a social business.  The two sister organization FIST and CSIT has worked on developing new technologies in cooperation with its main partners – Khorog State University, MSDSP, the Aga Khan Foundation, International Initiatives Association (Stowarzyszenie Inicjatyw Miedzynarodowych), Poznan, Poland and GIZ, University of Central Asia – throughout GBAO.  As a legally registered and independent organization, it is now in a position to bring the most successful of those technologies together to demonstrate the combined impact for a community.  The goals of these two organization FIST and CSIT is to bring together a basket of technologies that have been developed or adapted by the CSIT and its partners in a single location to demonstrate their effectiveness and ability to improve the lives of people in the Badakhshan.  The purpose of such a demonstration is to improve their visibility and popular uptake, leading to independent replication by community members of these low-to-no-cost improvements to their homes and land.

The technologies that FIST and CSIT has worked to develop and test and that will be deployed in a demonstration include: locally made (wool) home insulation, solar porches, solar greenhouses, improved cooking and heating stoves, solar air heaters, solar water heaters, energy efficient home orientation and design, appropriate food storages, and others.  These technologies are generally focused on reducing energy requirements of buildings, leading to improved indoor air temperatures and reduced energy consumption, as well as improved nutrition and local food production.  In the some remote places of Badakhshan where electricity is not available and organic matter is the only available fuel source, improving the efficiency of the local use of energy and finding new energy sources is vitally important to the long-term survival of the region’s people and culture.  These two sister organization FIST and CSIT has already been involved in several ongoing projects in the eastern Pamir including: the installation of a solar greenhouse that produced some of the first vegetables grown in Burunkul, lifting water from new wells with solar and wind-powered pumps, thermal insulation, and an inter-seasonal thermal storage system that will store the sun’s heat from the summer to provide indoor heating needs in the winter.

It was mentioned before that these two sister organizations FIST and CSIT pursues their goals to improve the number of sustainable technologies in the region using many means.  The first of these has been to pilot technologies that met the requirements of needs assessments and requests from community members.  By piloting technologies (though not revenue generating) FIST and CSIT ensures that the technologies it will introduce more widely through subsequent steps will be high quality and will work as intended.

Piloted technologies are then demonstrated while being further tested.  They are typically installed in high profile and easily accessible locations with private individuals who commit to maintain them, provide access to the general public, and inform and work with FIST and CSIT on further refinements and improvements.   Technologies that are proven through a pilot and demonstration phase are then further developed for wider dissemination.  In most cases this first involves the production of literature to enable them to be better understood by the public; in other cases certain technologies or specialized parts are purchased by the CSIT for resale directly to the public.